Watershed Glossary

As you're getting started on Watershed, here are some common terms that are handy for you to know:


An accomplishment is a set of related activities that, when completed, represent a learning milestone. Accomplishment functionality is not enabled on all accounts.


In Watershed, an Account is a user’s login & settings. Each Account should be associated with one or more Organizations

Activity Card

The activity card provides in-depth analysis of an activity. Beyond providing insights on how individuals perform, the card can perform advanced question analysis to make sure organizations are asking the right questions.

Bar Card

Displays horizontal or vertical bars based on data values.


A Card is a report on a dashboard of a Watershed account.

Card view

The Card View shows a small summary view of the card on a dashboard.

Certified Data Source

A Watershed Certified Data Source is a piece of software that has been formally recognized by Watershed as a source of data. This includes, but is not restricted to, xAPI Activity Providers (e.g. Watershed can pull in data via CSV). To be recognized as a Watershed Certified Data Source, the following criteria must be met:
1. It must be possible to easily connect the software to Watershed following clear documentation.
2. Data sent must be detailed enough to answer typical questions reporting users may have about the tracked activity.
3. Data sent must be accurate and bug free.

Contributing System

Another term for Activity Provider

Correlation Card

The Correlation Card allows Watershed users to explore relationships between multiple measures within a set of data and helps surface dependant relationships.


An accomplishment is a set of related activities that, when completed, represent a learning milestone. Each of these related activities is called criteria. Accomplishment functionality is not enabled on all accounts.


A Comma Separated Variable (CSV) file is a simple file format that is often used to import and export data from a range of applications. CSV files can be opened and edited using spreadsheet software but only contain data and not formatting or formulas.

Custom Connector

A piece of software specifically developed for a project that connects an application to a Learning Record Store (LRS) such as Watershed LRS. Normally the connector extracts data from the target application either using that application's proprietary API or by querying the applications database. It then sends the data on to the LRS in xAPI format, normally as Statements.


A collection of report cards.

Data Search

Watershed is powered by moments of activity called statements. Sources ranging from mobile apps to learning management systems are connected to Watershed, and as learners perform actions in these sources, statements are sent into Watershed. The Data Search shows every statement that has been sent to your Watershed account. It is a great tool to troubleshoot data issues.

Detail View

The Detail View of a card shows a full page view of a Watershed card.


Explore is Watershed’s report creation tool. Use Explore to fill your dashboards with reports that help you understand and share your organization’s learning and training data. It provides a number of report and filter options that enable you to take a closer look at your data so you can find new insights and correlations you might not have discovered before.

Formal Learning Activity

Training given to a learner with a course in an LMS intended to improve professional performance.


Using elements typical of games (like badging, competition, point scoring) in a product or program to encourage engagement.

Global Admin (usertype)

Users with usertype Global Admin have the highest level of permissions . They can create and configure cards on the Activity page. They can create accomplishments, register other users for accomplishments, make accomplishments visible to certain users, and register for accomplishments themselves. They have access to advanced settings that control data in/out of the account and the ability to add and edit existing users.

Group Hierarchy

Group Hierarchy is the representation of a company’s structure within Watershed.

Heatmap Card

Displays a heatmap of measures organized by person, activity, group or something else. Darker and lighter backgrounds on cells are used to visually highlight outlier values.

Interactions Card

Watershed is powered by moments of activity called statements. Sources ranging from mobile apps to learning management systems are connected to Watershed, and as learners perform actions in these sources, statements are sent into Watershed. The Interactions Card collects these statements and shows them in a list. 

Leaderboard Card

The Leaderboard Card is a card that allows Watershed users rank people, activities, or activity types by score, usage, or any custom measure.


A Learner is a user of an organization’s learning system.

Learning Path

A Learning Path is a set of related activities that, when completed, represent a learning milestone. Learning Paths can be ordered or unordered. Ordered learning paths must be completed in a specified order, while unordered universities can be completed in any order.

Line Card

Displays a line chart showing trends and spikes over time. Can be organized by day, week, month or year.


Measures are the data points and aggregations used to calculate values for rankings in various measure based cards such as Leaderboard, Heatmap, Bar and Line.

Other Data Sources

The ‘Other Data Sources’ page provides access to Watershed’s Data Conversion Engine for data sources that do not support xAPI and for groups and people data. The Data Conversion Engine can be used to import data as CSV files and translate it into the appropriate format.

Pie card

The Pie card displays a pie chart based on configured measures and dimensions. Advanced measures designed specifically for use with the Pie card for compliance visualization can be used to show who is compliant, who is not, and who’s compliance is expiring soon.

Program Card

The program card is used to track who has and hasn’t completed a defined set of milestones. It is especially useful for tracking compliance courses.

Quick Filters

Quick Filters allow your users to filter reports without needing to access Explore. These filters—which are easy to use and can’t be saved—are perfect for providing limited report control to users not familiar with Watershed.

Range Card

The Range Card compares pairs of measures and visualizes the different between the two. It’s designed for comparing scores for assessments before and after training and can also be used for comparing other values. 

Scatter Card

The Scatter Card plots a scatter plot visualizing people, activities and groups by two related metrics. This is useful for identifying high and low performers.

Spider Card

The Spider Card visualizes a collection of different metrics for an individual. It’s a great way to see overall competency for a person or group as measured by multiple measures.

User (usertype)

Users with usertype User have the most basic level of permissions. They can see cards on the Activity screen but not reconfigure them. They also cannot create new cards but they can copy existing cards on the activity screen to their unique Your Cards page. They also can see accomplishments that have been made available to them and register for them.


xAPI is a specified way of transmitting data about learning interactions. Products that implement xAPI can more easily share learning records with other xAPI implementing products.

xAPI Data Source

An xAPI Data Source is any piece of software that can interact with an LRS using xAPI. Normally this includes sending xAPI Statements. Being an xAPI Data Source does not indicate how much and what data is sent or whether or not that data is useful.

Your Organization

The Your Organization page lists all the groups and people that have been set up in the Organization. It is an administrative page that can be used to check people are assigned to the correct groups and been set up with the correct personas and permissions.


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